Abstract: The main genetic cause of a common type of eczema has been discovered by scientists, leading to hopes of fresh treatment.  Researchers at Oregon State University found the condition, which affects millions around the world with dry, itchy and inflamed skin lesions, can be triggered by a malfunctioning protein known as Ctip2. It was already known that the Ctip2 controls body fats that keep skin healthy and hydrated, but researchers have now discovered that if the protein is not performing properly it can cause atopic dermatitis, a common type of eczema. Eczema allows significant loss of fluids through the skin, allowing allergens to penetrate. 

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